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Programming Language Popularity – Part Ten

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I made a number of Google searches of the forms below and summed the results:

"implemented in <language>"
"written in <language>"
"developed in <language>"
"programmed in <language>"

See Part Nine for prior results 4 months ago.

I’ve divided the table into sections based on percentage increases of more than 50% from one language to the next. To compute the rank delta, I excluded the newly added languages.

|------+-------------+------------+-------+-------|
| Rank | Language    | # Search   | Prev. |  Rank |
|      |             | Results    |  Rank | Delta |
|------+-------------+------------+-------+-------|
|    1 | C           | 30,370,000 |     1 |       |
|------+-------------+------------+-------+-------|
|    2 | R           |  4,101,600 |     2 |       |
|------+-------------+------------+-------+-------|
|    3 | C++         |  1,406,100 |     4 |     1 |
|    4 | Java        |  1,394,000 |     3 |    -1 |
|------+-------------+------------+-------+-------|
|    5 | Python      |    868,000 |     6 |     1 |
|    6 | C#          |    844,800 |     5 |    -1 |
|    7 | Javascript  |    632,600 |     7 |       |
|    8 | FORTRAN     |    548,500 |     8 |       |
|    9 | Perl        |    489,600 |     9 |       |
|   10 | Ruby        |    399,200 |    10 |       |
|   11 | Scheme      |    362,500 |    11 |       |
|   12 | Go          |    333,800 |    12 |       |
|------+-------------+------------+-------+-------|
|   13 | Lua         |    170,940 |    17 |     4 |
|   14 | Haskell     |    151,190 |    15 |     1 |
|   15 | Lisp        |    141,880 |    13 |    -2 |
|   16 | Prolog      |    139,890 |    16 |       |
|   17 | Scala       |    124,450 |    14 |    -3 |
|   18 | Common Lisp |    113,510 |    20 |     2 |
|   19 | COBOL       |    113,000 |    18 |    -1 |
|   20 | Erlang      |     80,060 |    19 |    -1 |
|   21 | Rust        |     79,650 |    21 |       |
|   22 | Smalltalk   |     73,120 |    23 |     1 |
|   23 | OCaml       |     59,970 |    24 |     1 |
|   24 | Forth       |     58,300 |    26 |     2 |
|   25 | Clojure     |     51,690 |    22 |    -3 |
|   26 | Julia       |     45,210 |    25 |    -1 |
|------+-------------+------------+-------+-------|
|   27 | Pony        |     16,927 |   N/A |   N/A |
|   28 | Racket      |     16,150 |    28 |       |
|   29 | Elixir      |     12,723 |    29 |       |
|------+-------------+------------+-------+-------|

The raw data is here:

Path=/search?q=%22written%20in%20c%22 Num=23200000
Path=/search?q=%22programmed%20in%20c%22 Num=180000
Path=/search?q=%22developed%20in%20c%22 Num=3320000
Path=/search?q=%22implemented%20in%20c%22 Num=3670000
(c 30370000)
Path=/search?q=%22written%20in%20c%23%22 Num=396000
Path=/search?q=%22programmed%20in%20c%23%22 Num=40800
Path=/search?q=%22developed%20in%20c%23%22 Num=215000
Path=/search?q=%22implemented%20in%20c%23%22 Num=193000
(c# 844800)
Path=/search?q=%22written%20in%20c%2B%2B%22 Num=477000
Path=/search?q=%22programmed%20in%20c%2B%2B%22 Num=80100
Path=/search?q=%22developed%20in%20c%2B%2B%22 Num=270000
Path=/search?q=%22implemented%20in%20c%2B%2B%22 Num=579000
(c++ 1406100)
Path=/search?q=%22written%20in%20clojure%22 Num=26300
Path=/search?q=%22programmed%20in%20clojure%22 Num=4730
Path=/search?q=%22developed%20in%20clojure%22 Num=11800
Path=/search?q=%22implemented%20in%20clojure%22 Num=8860
(clojure 51690)
Path=/search?q=%22written%20in%20cobol%22 Num=57600
Path=/search?q=%22programmed%20in%20cobol%22 Num=20900
Path=/search?q=%22developed%20in%20cobol%22 Num=18200
Path=/search?q=%22implemented%20in%20cobol%22 Num=16300
(cobol 113000)
Path=/search?q=%22written%20in%20coffeescript%22 Num=26900
Path=/search?q=%22programmed%20in%20coffeescript%22 Num=1250
Path=/search?q=%22developed%20in%20coffeescript%22 Num=4330
Path=/search?q=%22implemented%20in%20coffeescript%22 Num=2510
(coffeescript 34990)
Path=/search?q=%22written%20in%20common%20lisp%22 Num=49600
Path=/search?q=%22programmed%20in%20common%20lisp%22 Num=8110
Path=/search?q=%22developed%20in%20common%20lisp%22 Num=31500
Path=/search?q=%22implemented%20in%20common%20lisp%22 Num=24300
(common lisp 113510)
Path=/search?q=%22written%20in%20elixir%22 Num=6000
Path=/search?q=%22programmed%20in%20elixir%22 Num=3
Path=/search?q=%22developed%20in%20elixir%22 Num=2480
Path=/search?q=%22implemented%20in%20elixir%22 Num=4240
(elixir 12723)
Path=/search?q=%22written%20in%20erlang%22 Num=49300
Path=/search?q=%22programmed%20in%20erlang%22 Num=7460
Path=/search?q=%22developed%20in%20erlang%22 Num=6400
Path=/search?q=%22implemented%20in%20erlang%22 Num=16900
(erlang 80060)
Path=/search?q=%22written%20in%20forth%22 Num=21800
Path=/search?q=%22programmed%20in%20forth%22 Num=2650
Path=/search?q=%22developed%20in%20forth%22 Num=25600
Path=/search?q=%22implemented%20in%20forth%22 Num=8250
(forth 58300)
Path=/search?q=%22written%20in%20fortran%22 Num=289000
Path=/search?q=%22programmed%20in%20fortran%22 Num=29500
Path=/search?q=%22developed%20in%20fortran%22 Num=107000
Path=/search?q=%22implemented%20in%20fortran%22 Num=123000
(fortran 548500)
Path=/search?q=%22written%20in%20go%22 Num=196000
Path=/search?q=%22programmed%20in%20go%22 Num=14900
Path=/search?q=%22developed%20in%20go%22 Num=67700
Path=/search?q=%22implemented%20in%20go%22 Num=55200
(go 333800)
Path=/search?q=%22written%20in%20haskell%22 Num=85800
Path=/search?q=%22programmed%20in%20haskell%22 Num=4690
Path=/search?q=%22developed%20in%20haskell%22 Num=19500
Path=/search?q=%22implemented%20in%20haskell%22 Num=41200
(haskell 151190)
Path=/search?q=%22written%20in%20java%22 Num=535000
Path=/search?q=%22programmed%20in%20java%22 Num=112000
Path=/search?q=%22developed%20in%20java%22 Num=352000
Path=/search?q=%22implemented%20in%20java%22 Num=395000
(java 1394000)
Path=/search?q=%22written%20in%20javascript%22 Num=370000
Path=/search?q=%22programmed%20in%20javascript%22 Num=19900
Path=/search?q=%22developed%20in%20javascript%22 Num=75700
Path=/search?q=%22implemented%20in%20javascript%22 Num=167000
(javascript 632600)
Path=/search?q=%22written%20in%20julia%22 Num=23000
Path=/search?q=%22programmed%20in%20julia%22 Num=1090
Path=/search?q=%22developed%20in%20julia%22 Num=15900
Path=/search?q=%22implemented%20in%20julia%22 Num=5220
(julia 45210)
Path=/search?q=%22written%20in%20lisp%22 Num=71800
Path=/search?q=%22programmed%20in%20lisp%22 Num=7980
Path=/search?q=%22developed%20in%20lisp%22 Num=20600
Path=/search?q=%22implemented%20in%20lisp%22 Num=41500
(lisp 141880)
Path=/search?q=%22written%20in%20lua%22 Num=54800
Path=/search?q=%22programmed%20in%20lua%22 Num=3720
Path=/search?q=%22developed%20in%20lua%22 Num=5420
Path=/search?q=%22implemented%20in%20lua%22 Num=107000
(lua 170940)
Path=/search?q=%22written%20in%20ml%22 Num=77200
Path=/search?q=%22programmed%20in%20ml%22 Num=10700
Path=/search?q=%22developed%20in%20ml%22 Num=154000
Path=/search?q=%22implemented%20in%20ml%22 Num=61000
(ml 302900)
Path=/search?q=%22written%20in%20ocaml%22 Num=28300
Path=/search?q=%22programmed%20in%20ocaml%22 Num=5070
Path=/search?q=%22developed%20in%20ocaml%22 Num=12800
Path=/search?q=%22implemented%20in%20ocaml%22 Num=13800
(ocaml 59970)
Path=/search?q=%22written%20in%20perl%22 Num=342000
Path=/search?q=%22programmed%20in%20perl%22 Num=13400
Path=/search?q=%22developed%20in%20perl%22 Num=42100
Path=/search?q=%22implemented%20in%20perl%22 Num=92100
(perl 489600)
Path=/search?q=%22written%20in%20php%22 Num=461000
Path=/search?q=%22programmed%20in%20php%22 Num=36000
Path=/search?q=%22developed%20in%20php%22 Num=202000
Path=/search?q=%22implemented%20in%20php%22 Num=143000
(php 842000)
Path=/search?q=%22written%20in%20pony%22 Num=15200
Path=/search?q=%22programmed%20in%20pony%22 Num=2
Path=/search?q=%22developed%20in%20pony%22 Num=5
Path=/search?q=%22implemented%20in%20pony%22 Num=1720
(pony 16927)
Path=/search?q=%22written%20in%20prolog%22 Num=57200
Path=/search?q=%22programmed%20in%20prolog%22 Num=5090
Path=/search?q=%22developed%20in%20prolog%22 Num=27400
Path=/search?q=%22implemented%20in%20prolog%22 Num=50200
(prolog 139890)
Path=/search?q=%22written%20in%20python%22 Num=449000
Path=/search?q=%22programmed%20in%20python%22 Num=36000
Path=/search?q=%22developed%20in%20python%22 Num=131000
Path=/search?q=%22implemented%20in%20python%22 Num=252000
(python 868000)
Path=/search?q=%22written%20in%20r%22 Num=1740000
Path=/search?q=%22programmed%20in%20r%22 Num=43600
Path=/search?q=%22developed%20in%20r%22 Num=1740000
Path=/search?q=%22implemented%20in%20r%22 Num=578000
(r 4101600)
Path=/search?q=%22written%20in%20racket%22 Num=6210
Path=/search?q=%22programmed%20in%20racket%22 Num=1520
Path=/search?q=%22developed%20in%20racket%22 Num=5090
Path=/search?q=%22implemented%20in%20racket%22 Num=3330
(racket 16150)
Path=/search?q=%22written%20in%20ruby%22 Num=248000
Path=/search?q=%22programmed%20in%20ruby%22 Num=49800
Path=/search?q=%22developed%20in%20ruby%22 Num=37100
Path=/search?q=%22implemented%20in%20ruby%22 Num=64300
(ruby 399200)
Path=/search?q=%22written%20in%20rust%22 Num=39200
Path=/search?q=%22programmed%20in%20rust%22 Num=2120
Path=/search?q=%22developed%20in%20rust%22 Num=28800
Path=/search?q=%22implemented%20in%20rust%22 Num=9530
(rust 79650)
Path=/search?q=%22written%20in%20scala%22 Num=77300
Path=/search?q=%22programmed%20in%20scala%22 Num=2550
Path=/search?q=%22developed%20in%20scala%22 Num=15500
Path=/search?q=%22implemented%20in%20scala%22 Num=29100
(scala 124450)
Path=/search?q=%22written%20in%20scheme%22 Num=58000
Path=/search?q=%22programmed%20in%20scheme%22 Num=11200
Path=/search?q=%22developed%20in%20scheme%22 Num=213000
Path=/search?q=%22implemented%20in%20scheme%22 Num=80300
(scheme 362500)
Path=/search?q=%22written%20in%20smalltalk%22 Num=27200
Path=/search?q=%22programmed%20in%20smalltalk%22 Num=9920
Path=/search?q=%22developed%20in%20smalltalk%22 Num=13200
Path=/search?q=%22implemented%20in%20smalltalk%22 Num=22800
(smalltalk 73120)
Path=/search?q=%22written%20in%20sml%22 Num=7430
Path=/search?q=%22programmed%20in%20sml%22 Num=2200
Path=/search?q=%22developed%20in%20sml%22 Num=6370
Path=/search?q=%22implemented%20in%20sml%22 Num=15300
(sml 31300)
Path=/search?q=%22written%20in%20standard%20ml%22 Num=9820
Path=/search?q=%22programmed%20in%20standard%20ml%22 Num=2060
Path=/search?q=%22developed%20in%20standard%20ml%22 Num=9
Path=/search?q=%22implemented%20in%20standard%20ml%22 Num=15700
(standard ml 27589)

Written by Brian Adkins

February 24, 2016 at 4:35 pm

Programming Language Popularity – Part Nine

with one comment

I made a number of Google searches of the forms below and summed the results:

"implemented in <language>"
"written in <language>"
"developed in <language>"
"programmed in <language>"

See Part Eight for prior results 17 months ago. I finally got around to writing a program (in Racket) to automate the collection of the search results, so it was much easier!

I’ve divided the table into sections based on percentage increases of more than 50% from one language to the next. To compute the rank delta, I excluded the newly added languages.

|------+-----------------+------------+-------+-------|
| Rank | Language        | # Search   | Prev. |  Rank |
|      |                 | Results    |  Rank | Delta |
|------+-----------------+------------+-------+-------|
|    1 | C               | 54,696,000 |     2 |     1 |
|------+-----------------+------------+-------+-------|
|    2 | R               | 22,784,600 |    12 |    10 |
|------+-----------------+------------+-------+-------|
|    3 | Java            |  1,490,000 |     6 |     3 |
|    4 | C++             |  1,256,600 |     3 |    -1 |
|    5 | PHP             |  1,082,000 |     1 |    -4 |
|    6 | C#              |  1,065,900 |     5 |    -1 |
|    7 | Python          |  1,016,500 |     4 |    -3 |
|    8 | Lisp Family (1) |    951,300 |    11 |     3 |
|    9 | JavaScript      |    764,100 |     8 |    -1 |
|   10 | FORTRAN         |    565,000 |     9 |    -1 |
|   11 | Perl            |    541,700 |     7 |    -4 |
|   12 | Ruby            |    509,900 |    10 |    -2 |
|   13 | ML Family (2)   |    445,716 |    13 |       |
|   14 | Scheme          |    381,200 |    19 |     5 |
|   15 | Go              |    378,200 |    16 |     1 |
|   16 | (S)ML (3)       |    376,116 |    21 |     5 |
|   17 | Lisp            |    357,900 |    15 |    -2 |
|------+-----------------+------------+-------+-------|
|   18 | Scala           |    236,770 |    23 |     5 |
|   19 | Haskell         |    220,580 |    17 |    -2 |
|   20 | Prolog          |    152,450 |    20 |       |
|   21 | Lua             |    133,360 |    22 |     1 |
|   22 | COBOL           |    113,700 |    14 |    -8 |
|   23 | Erlang          |    101,840 |    18 |    -5 |
|   24 | Common Lisp     |    100,580 |    25 |     1 |
|   25 | Rust            |     90,860 |   N/A |   N/A |
|   26 | Clojure         |     85,930 |    27 |     2 |
|   27 | Smalltalk       |     75,000 |    24 |    -2 |
|   28 | OCaml           |     69,600 |    26 |    -1 |
|   29 | Coffeescript    |     60,420 |    29 |     1 |
|   30 | Julia           |     51,315 |   N/A |   N/A |
|   31 | Forth           |     50,920 |    28 |    -1 |
|------+-----------------+------------+-------+-------|
|   32 | Racket          |     25,660 |    30 |       |
|------+-----------------+------------+-------+-------|
|   33 | Elixir          |      8,112 |   N/A |   N/A |
|------+-----------------+------------+-------+-------|

Update Oct. 6: I added Bing search results, and they’re significantly different. For a while Elixir was #2 because one of the four phrases resulted in no results, so Bing automatically switched to an unquoted search which skewed the results. I caught that and looked over the raw data and didn’t see anything similar for other languages. It’s interesting that C# came out #1 on Bing 🙂

|------+-----------------+----------|
| Rank | Language        | # Search |
|      |                 |  Results |
|------+-----------------+----------|
|    1 | C#              | 32100000 |
|    2 | C++             | 31900000 |
|------+-----------------+----------|
|    3 | C               |  4845000 |
|    4 | Java            |  3319000 |
|------+-----------------+----------|
|    5 | R               |  1219310 |
|    6 | Python          |  1123700 |
|    7 | Php             |  1093800 |
|    8 | Javascript      |   945200 |
|------+-----------------+----------|
|    9 | Lisp Family (1) |   525530 |
|   10 | Perl            |   460360 |
|   11 | Common Lisp     |   398039 |
|   12 | Ruby            |   301740 |
|   13 | Go              |   270593 |
|   14 | FORTRAN         |   245500 |
|   15 | Lua             |   214200 |
|   16 | Scala           |   188570 |
|   17 | Haskell         |   188520 |
|   18 | Lisp            |   160930 |
|   19 | COBOL           |   140910 |
|   20 | Scheme          |    98012 |
|   21 | ML Family (2)   |    97425 |
|   22 | Prolog          |    75740 |
|   23 | Erlang          |    63270 |
|   24 | (S)ML (3)       |    56375 |
|   25 | OCaml           |    41050 |
|   26 | Smalltalk       |    27960 |
|   27 | Julia           |    25319 |
|   28 | Clojure         |    23091 |
|   29 | Coffeescript    |    20322 |
|   30 | Forth           |    17529 |
|   31 | Rust            |    17086 |
|------+-----------------+----------|
|   32 | Racket          |     6388 |
|------+-----------------+----------|
|   33 | Elixir          |     2542 |
|------+-----------------+----------|

Here is the delta difference between Google and Bing:

|--------+------+-------+-----------------|
| Google | Bing | Delta | Language        |
|   Rank | Rank | G - B |                 |
|--------+------+-------+-----------------|
|      1 |    3 |    -2 | C               |
|      2 |    5 |    -3 | R               |
|      3 |    4 |    -1 | Java            |
|      4 |    2 |     2 | C++             |
|      5 |    7 |    -2 | Php             |
|      6 |    1 |     5 | C#              |
|      7 |    6 |     1 | Python          |
|      8 |    9 |    -1 | Lisp Family (1) |
|      9 |    8 |     1 | Javascript      |
|     10 |   14 |    -4 | FORTRAN         |
|     11 |   10 |     1 | Perl            |
|     12 |   12 |       | Ruby            |
|     13 |   21 |    -8 | ML Family (2)   |
|     14 |   20 |    -6 | Scheme          |
|     15 |   13 |     2 | Go              |
|     16 |   24 |    -8 | (S)ML (3)       |
|     17 |   18 |    -1 | Lisp            |
|     18 |   16 |     2 | Scala           |
|     19 |   17 |     2 | Haskell         |
|     20 |   22 |    -2 | Prolog          |
|     21 |   15 |     6 | Lua             |
|     22 |   19 |     3 | COBOL           |
|     23 |   23 |       | Erlang          |
|     24 |   11 |    13 | Common Lisp     |
|     25 |   31 |    -6 | Rust            |
|     26 |   28 |    -2 | Clojure         |
|     27 |   26 |     1 | Smalltalk       |
|     28 |   25 |     3 | OCaml           |
|     29 |   29 |       | Coffeescript    |
|     30 |   27 |     3 | Julia           |
|     31 |   30 |     1 | Forth           |
|     32 |   32 |       | Racket          |
|     33 |   33 |       | Elixir          |
|--------+------+-------+-----------------|

(1) combines Lisp, Common Lisp, Scheme, Clojure & Racket
(2) combines (S)ML & OCaml
(3) summed separate searches for standard ml, sml & ml

Written by Brian Adkins

October 6, 2015 at 3:53 am